A Trial By Written Declaration (California Vehicle Code Section 40902) procedure allows an individual defendant cited for a traffic infraction (i.e. - commercial speeding; out of designated lane; log book violation, etc.), that does not require a mandatory appearance in court, to prepare and submit a sworn declaration to the court in his/her own defense.  The citing police officer will also be allowed to submit his/her own declaration to the court, in response to the defendant.

As an experienced attorney having represented hundreds of defendants in California courts of law, I do not recommend the use of a Trial By Written Declaration.  Despite the fact that some organizations claim favorable results from a Trial By Written Declaration, here are the primary reasons you should avoid relying upon this procedure:

1.  Upon conviction (which happens in the majority of cases), the violation is reported to the DMV immediately, given today's technology; even if a request for Trial de Novo (a New Trial) is granted by the court, the conviction will remain in place until the final  outcome of your new trial.  This may mean adverse consequences for you with an employer, insurance carrier, or the DMV itself.   

2.  Many citing officers may be hesitant to allow for any concessions or optional dispositions at a subsequent Court Trial proceeding, once you have actually challenged them through a Trial By Written Declaration process.

3.  You must pay the full amount of your bail to the court, prior to your Trial By Written Declaration being heard and considered by the Judge - this is not the case if you enter a plea of not guilty, and then request a formal court trial proceeding.

4.  If found Guilty (which occurs a majority of the time), you only have twenty (20) calendar days after the date the court's decision is mailed to you to request a Trial De Novo, or New Trial, or else your conviction will remain in place.

5.  Any information an individual defendant puts into a Trial By Written Declaration becomes admissible evidence, and can and will be used against them in all related court proceedings!

6.  You are waiving or giving up your Right to Remain Silent and your right against Self Incrimination.  A right codified in the Fifth Amendment of our U.S. Constitution, and further solidified in the famous case of Miranda v. Arizona (1966) 384 US 436.  A person's "Miranda Rights", include the requirement that law enforcement must inform a person of their Right to Remain Silent (among other rights) whenever the person is the subject of a "custodial interrogation." (“Interrogation” includes not only express questioning, but also words or actions that police officers should know are reasonably likely to provoke an incriminating response. “Custody” describes a situation in which a reasonable person in the suspect’s shoes would not feel free to leave).

In adddition, you are also waiving other constitutional rights such as your Right to Appear, Right to Testify in Person, and just as importantly, your Right to Confront Adverse Witnesses (such as the law enforcement officer involved in your particular case).  You will not have the benefit of seeing the Officer's Declaration and statements he/she is making against you - and vice versa - prior to submitting your own Declaration!

My office may be able to obtain favorable results for you ! I have been in practice for over 35 years, and have a very high success rate !  Please contact me today for a FREE case evaluation at (760) 326-5297 - Call Anytime !

Felicia Woods-Yates, 
Attorney at Law 

You may also submit your new case information online for a Free Consultation, and we will contact you within 24 hours!


The information presented on this website should not be construed as legal advice as it is presented as information only.  Nor does viewing the information contained on this website form an attorney-client relationship.  There is no substitute for consulting with an attorney regarding the specific facts of a legal matter.  Please note that substantive law and procedure discussed on this website may have changed as a result of legislation, judicial interpretations or changes in administrative policies or procedures.

Note:  This website is not intended to offer services to clients for any matter outside the jurisdiction of the State of California.